Indentured Labourers - The Arrival of Indentured Labourers
In 𝗙𝗲𝗯𝗿𝘂𝗮𝗿𝘆 𝟭𝟴𝟯𝟱, slavery was abolished in Mauritius. This instantly created a demand for replacement labour on the plantations.

Between 𝟭𝟴𝟯𝟰 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝟭𝟵𝟮𝟬, half-a-million indentured immigrants (labourers and their families) arrived on Mauritius, with 97% of the immigrants coming from India. The first labourers, called coolies, arrived from Calcutta (Kolkata) on 𝗡𝗼𝘃𝗲𝗺𝗯𝗲𝗿 𝟮𝗻𝗱 𝟭𝟴𝟯𝟰.

The solution was to use indentured workers. Effectively indentured workers would work as slaves, but only for the term of their contract, after which they would be freed. This process started in Mauritius and was expanded to other parts of the British Empire.
A commission to look at the practice of indenture first took place in 𝟭𝟴𝟳𝟮, though it was 𝟭𝟵𝟮𝟰 before the practice was abolished.

 

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